Chemotherapy Side Effects
the most common therapy used to treat cancer. It involves the use of therapeutic chemicals (anti-cancer drugs)
to damage the DNA of malignant cells (cancerous cells), thus preventing them from reproducing. During each
session, the medications can be taken intravenously, orally in the form of pill or by injection into the body
cavity. Depending on the condition of the patient, one agent or a combination of two or more chemo agents is
administered. Generally, chemotherapy is given in cycles. Each cycle is administered every 1 to 4 weeks
following by a rest period between every cycle. This period of rest is very important to allow the body to
In general, chemotherapy drugs work by
damaging cancer cells in the entire body, preventing them from spreading among healthy cells. The medications
travel throughout the body which causes them to also damage healthy cells in the bone marrow, digestive tract,
hair follicle, mouth and reproductive system. In addition, some chemotherapy drugs can affect the cells in the
lungs, heart, bladder, kidneys as well as the nervous system. This can lead to serious many side effects in
certain patients. Those adverse effects can be acute (short-term) or chronic (long-term) or permanent, depending
on the type of drugs administered and the patient's health.
Most common side effects patients
experience during chemotherapy include:
to attack the cells in the intestinal lining, causing diarrhea, constipation and pain. In addition, the
diarrhea can be due to radiation to abdomen or pelvis, anxiety, stress, malnutrition or colon surgery...
skin problems such as dry skin, skin rashes, hives, flushing (redness of the face and neck), and swelling of the
eyelids, lips and tongue...
Nausea and Vomiting
and Vomiting are two of the most common malaise associated with chemotherapy. In fact, most chemotherapy drugs
tend to cause nausea and vomiting...
Fatigue and Tiredness
due to chemotherapy tends to occur suddenly and can last days, weeks or months in certain patients. The duration
depends on the patient health, lifestyle and...
(alopecia) is the most
common visible side effects of chemotherapy. Most patients undergoing chemo lose their hair from the
estimated that 70% of cancer patients experience anemia during the course of their chemo treatments...
Loss of Appetite
patients often complain about loss of appetite. This can be caused by the cancer therapy or the cancer itself.
In some, the low appetite can be the result of the side of the treatment...
weight loss is one of the undesirable side
effects cancer patients complain about chemotherapy. The weight loss can be caused by several factors...
Sore Mouth, Gums and Throat
mouth, gums and throat is commonly experienced by cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy; it is a frequent
chemotherapy side effect...
Kidney and Bladder Problems
and bladder problems are among chemotherapy side effects. Certain chemotherapy drugs can cause temporary or
permanent Kidney and bladder damages if proper care is not taken...
Low Sex Drive
libido is one of common side effects of chemotherapy drugs.
Many patients complain about lack of sexual desire during and weeks after undergoing cancer treatment...
is not out of the picture when it comes to chemotherapy side effects. Some chemotherapy treatments may reduce or
completely stop the inability to have children in both men and women...
Oral Complications Related To Chemotherapy and
common Oral Complications Related To Chemotherapy and Radiation in The Head and Neck and steps you can take
to prevent them